Social Accountability Survey

Purpose of the study were


Increase efficiency in budget allocation: The budget is the most accurate statement of the

government’s priorities. However, budgets sometimes do not reflect the real priorities of

citizens. Scarce public resources are often spent on the wrong goods or the wrong people.

PB can improve efficiency in budget allocation by creating a codified set of rules and

procedures that bring the demand side closer to budget planning.



Improve accountability and management: Government budgets are often perceived as a

‘Black box,’ too complex and technical for citizens’ understanding. The complexity of

Budget information can facilitate the concealing of elite capture, budget leakages and

Under-performance; or it can just be the result of weak management capacity. PB has

Been used to demystify the budget, and improve inter-departmental coordination, and

Financial management.


Reduce Social Exclusion and Poverty: The traditional budgeting process can sometimes

Contribute to social exclusion and poverty due to elite capture, limiting resources

Available for service to the poor. By encouraging citizens’ participation in budget

Decision-making, PB could be used to increase the allocation of resources to basic

Services in the poorest areas.


 Increase trust between government and population: Citizens often complain that

government is not solving their problems and not using their taxes for their needs. Lack

of public expenditure information leads to public discontent and inaccurate citizen

perceptions of corruption. PB can strengthen trust in government substantially as it

encourages citizens and government to discuss budget constraints.  The PB process

provides an opportunity for government and citizens to discuss trade-offs on the use of

scarce public resources vis-à-vis urgent and strategic investments.


Strengthen democratic practices:  Democratic systems are not always perfect. While the

budgeting process has an annual decision-making cycle and a continuous execution

process, governments are mainly held accountable for their decisions during election

time. This time-lag can create favorable conditions for elite capture, patronage and

clientelism. By strengthening the linkages between the whole budget process cycle and

citizens’ participation, PB can improve democratic practices.